Лексико - грамматические задания на тему:"Food" - Уроки - Материалы педагогов - Каталог статей - Сайт творческих учителей Казахстана

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Лексико - грамматические задания на тему:"Food"
FOOD

Tasks for Writing Comprehension
Task 1

Write the words correctly:
Task 2

Make up sentences:

Lemons
Pizza
Chips
Grapefruits
Sausage
Apricots
Apples
Oranges
Flour

is
are bitter
tasteless
salty
sour
sweet
spicy
crunchy
fattening
juicy
2
Task 3

Match the words to make word-combinations:
a bottle of honey
a glass of meat
a slice of water
a loaf of tea
a cup of bread
a carton of milk
a jar of sugar
a kilo of chocolate
a jug of Cola
a bar of cheese
a packet of peanuts
a piece of cheese
a can of ham
a tin of fish

Task 4

Complete the sentences:
When I am hungry I want to…
When I am thirsty I want to…
People cannot live without…
There are a lot of … in vegetables and fruit.
Plants cannot live without …
English people drink tea with …
In summer everybody likes to eat …
… is the biggest meal of the day.

Task 5

Write the questions correctly and answer them:
you/Do/at/hours/regular/eat?
take/tea/and/Do/much/you/sugar/in/coffee?
How/do/drink/drinks/fizzy/often/you?
do/eat/What/you/ breaks/the/during?
Do/eat/fatty/salty/and/you/food?
3
Task 6

Steve is opening his new restaurant today. Last week he sent his menu to the printer. It has just come back and, unfortunately, it is full of mistakes. The printers have put some dishes in the wrong sections. Help Steve by writing the menu correctly.

4
Task 7

Procedure: Children work in groups. They imagine they are going to entertain the group of guests in their own house. The task is to plan a menu for the guests, make up a shopping list and explain their choice.

Group 1.Your uncle and aunt are coming for lunch with their two children, aged six and nine.
Group 2. Two old friends, the same age as you, are coming for supper. One of them is a vegetarian.
Group 3. A potential business client with his wife. You need to impress them.
Group 4. Two collegues from work are coming for supper. They are very health-conscious.

Task 8

Hamburger and chips £ 1.40
Fish and chips £ 1.20
Chicken and chips £ 1.00
Eggs and bacon £ 1.10
Ham sandwich 75 p
Cheese sandwich 70 p
Glass of lemonade 38 p
Glass of milk 15 p
Cup of tea 20 p
Cup of coffee 35 p
Glass of Coke 45 p
Read the menu and the text. Write down what each person had to eat and drink.

Dan’s food costs less than a pound.
Jenny likes cheese.
Kate’s food costs more than Jenny’s.
Tim doesn’t like fish.
Jenny doesn’t have chips with her food.
Kate and Dan have the same thing to eat.
Tim’s food is the most expensive on the menu.
Dan doesn’t like cheese and eggs.
Jenny and Tim have the same drink.
Only Kate has a hot drink.
Dan has the least expensive drink.
Jenny’s drink costs 25 p more than Kate’s drink
5
Tasks for Speaking Comprehension

Task 1

Name the noun associated with the adjective given by the teacher.
Model:
T. Sour…
P1. Lemon.
T. Healthy…
P2. Fruit.
T. Bitter…
P3. Medicine.
T. Hot…
P4. Coffee.
T. Fattening…
P5. Hot dog.

Task 2

Read the titles of newspaper articles and guess their contents.

Why do we eat junk food?
Takeaway foods are very convenient !

30% of all Americans are overweight
Eating habits

Diets: are they harmful or useful ?
The History of Dieting

6
Task 3

Read the menu and answer the questions.
What would you like to eat from this menu?
What are the most expensive dishes?
What are the cheapest?
What do you usually order at the café?
What is your favourite dish?
7
Task 4

Procedure: Teacher draws “ships” in the table on the piece of paper. Pupils “shoot” with the help of questions. Teacher puts appropriate marks in the table on the blackboard and makes his comments: “miss’, “hit”, “dead”.
Model:
P1: What can you do with a ladle?
T: Miss.
P2: Where is our frying pan?
T: Miss.
P3: Where do you keep your shallow pan?
T: Hit.
P3: When did you buy this shallow pan?
T: Dead.
P3: Why do you cook in this saucepan?
T: Miss.
P5: How can we use a spatula?
T: Miss.

saucepan spatula ladle shallow pan frying pan

What?




Where?



×


When?



×

Why?





How?







8
Task 5

Agree or disagree using the following phrases and explain your point of view:
I agree with you.
You are right.
I think so.
I don’t agree with you.
I’m afraid you are wrong.
By no means.

People cannot live without food.
Animals can live without food.
Plants can live without water.
Cabbage is a fruit.
Vitamins aren’t important for people.
Children must eat a lot of sweets every day.
Vegetables and eggs make our bones and teeth strong.
Children must drink coffee.
To be healthy and strong people must eat the right food.

Task 11

Procedure: Every student receives one or two slips of paper with sentences like these on them: “What would happen if a shop gave away its goods free every Wednesday?”, “What would you do if you were invited to the Queen’s party?” one student starts by reading out his question and then asks another student to answer it. The second student continues by answering or asking a third student to answer the first student’s question. If he has answered the question he may then read out his own question for somebody else to answer. The activity is finished when all the questions have been read out and answered.

Model:
What would happen
if everybody who drinks Coca – cola turned green?
if men were not allowed to become cooks?
if children over 10 were not allowed to eat sweets?
if the price of alcohol was raised by 300 per cent?
What would you do
if you saw your teacher picking apples from her neighbour’s tree?
if a salesman called at your house and tried to sell you ten kilos of sausage?
if your horoscope warned you against eating ice – cream when you want to go on holiday?
if you suddenly found out that you could become invisible by eating spinach?
if you invited somebody to dinner at your house but they forgot to come?
if you forgot you had asked four people to lunch and didn’t have any food in the house when they arrived?

Task 12

Procedure: The teacher suggests a simple object or raw material – an egg, for example, and asks students what they think will / is going to happen to it in the future. For instance:
It will be part of cake.
It will fall on the floor and break.
Then the teacher gives groups of students lists of five or six such items and asks them to note down possible future ‘destinies’ for each one – as many as they can think of within


13
the vocabulary they know. Ideas are noted down by a ‘secretary’. Later all the groups’ ideas for each item are compared or pooled: which object / material is the most versatile?
The group is asked to list all the things that will be done to the object in a possible sequence. The egg, for example:
will be sold, will be put in a fridge, will be taken out,
will be broken, will be fried, etc.

Model:
Objects with a future

1 a potato
4 a litre of water
7 grapes

2 an egg
5 an orange
8 a bottle

3 a bag of sugar
6 a plastic bag
9 a carton of milk

Task 13

Procedure: The teacher divides the class into the groups of four or five. The students put the counters of START square. They throw a dice. Then they move along the board counting the number of squares out loud until they reach the square indicated by the dice. They name the item, translating the word, and put the counter on that square. Then it is the turn of the next player. The students should write down all their fruit and vegetables. The first player to reach FINISH square wins. After the game the students make up a dialogue and ask each other what they have in their cocktails.

Model:
P1. What do you have in your cocktail?
P2. I have a _______, a ______ and a ______. And what do you have?
P1. I have a _______, a ______ and a ______.

GAME MATERIALS
Put your counter on START. Throw the dice in turns with the others players. Translate

14
and write down the word that is on the square where your counter is. Make up a dialogue according to the example.

Model:
P1. What do you have in your cocktail?
P2. I have a _______, a ______ and a ______. And what do you have?
P1. I have a _______, a ______ and a ______.

START помідор

1 огірок

2 банан

3
апельсин

8 капуста

7 персик

6 картопля

5 яблуко

4
слива

9 цибуля

10 морква

11 ананас

12 абрикос

13
полуниця

18 редиска

17 виноград

16 біб

15 мандарин

14
лимон

19 баклажан

20 горіх

21 кокос

22 ківі

23

FINISH диня

26 горох

25 груша

24

15

Tasks for Listening Comprehension

Task 1

1)Pre-listening task
What vegetables do you remember? What are your favourite fruit?

2) Listening.
1. This is a vegetable. This is not a sweet vegetable. It is long. Its colour is
green. You can eat it in a salad. What is it? (cucumber)
2. This is a vegetable. This is a sweet vegetable. It is long. Its colour is red or orange. You can eat it in a salad or soup. What is it? (carrot)
3. This is a fruit. This is a sweet fruit. It is round. Its colour is red or yellow or green. What is it? (apple)
4. This is a fruit. This is not a sweet fruit. It’s not round. It’s not long. It’s oval. Its colour is yellow. You can have it in your tea. What is it? (lemon)
5. This is a vegetable. This is usually a round vegetable. Its colour is red. You can eat it in a salad. What is it? (tomato)
6. This is a fruit. It is sweet and juicy. It is small and round. It grows on trees. What is it? (peach)
7. This is a vegetable. It is not sweet. It is big and round. Its colour is green. You can eat it in a salad. What is it? (cabbage)

3) Post-listening task.
1. Listen to the sentences and write what is it.
2. Put the letters in the order, write down the names of other fruit and vegetables.
attopo _________ raryerstwb _________
dirash _________ errych _________
omotat _________ otcrra _________
baabgec _________ ionon _________


Task 2

1)Pre-listening task
Do you have a garden? Are there a lot of trees in your garden? What colour are they?
What is there in your garden? Are there flowers in the garden?

2) Listening.

16
Our garden
It’s a bright sunny day! Let’s go to the garden.
There are many fruit and vegetables in our garden. It’s the end of summer, and we can see many pears, apples, apricots, peaches and plums. There are also many nuts, cabbages, carrots, onions, cucumbers and tomatoes in our garden. There is nothing in some trees. Why? These are cherry-trees. And cherries grow in July. We also have many flowers in the garden. They are very beautiful. They are red, yellow, white and blue. We like our garden.

3) Post-listening task.

1. Read the sentences and put “+” next to the true sentences and “-” next to the false ones. Correct the false sentences and write them down.
□ 1) It’s a bright sunny day!
□ 2) There are no fruit and vegetables in the garden.
□ 3) It’s the end of winter, and we can see many pears, apples, apricots, peaches and
plums.
□ 4) There are also many nuts, cabbages, carrots, onions, cucumbers and tomatoes in our
garden.
□ 5) There are a lot of cherries in cherry-trees.
□ 6) There are also many flowers in the garden.
□ 7) The flowers are white.

2. Fill in blanks with the correct words from the box and read the sentences.

many, July, like, they, trees, flowers, see, garden


There are many fruit and vegetables in our _________. It’s the end of summer, and we can _________ many pears, apples, apricots, peaches and plums. There also _________ nuts, cabbages, carrots, onions, cucumbers and tomatoes in our garden. There is nothing in some _________. Why? These are cherry-trees. And cherries grow in _________. We also have many _________ in the garden. _________ are very beautiful. They are red, yellow, white and blue. We _________ our garden.

Task 3

1)Pre-listening task
What do you usually have for breakfast? What do you think the kings usually have for breakfast?

17
2) Listening.

An expensive breakfast
It happened many years ago, when there were still kings in some countries of Europe.
Once a king of a small country was travelling through Holland. He stopped in an inn in a little village to have breakfast. He ordered some boiled eggs, coffee, bread and butter for breakfast.
The king ate two eggs with bread and butter, took a cup of coffee and asked the innkeeper: “How much must I pay my breakfast?”
The innkeeper answered: “A hundred florins.”
The king was very surprised and said “What? A hundred florins for a little bread and butter, a cup of coffee and two eggs? It is very expensive! Eggs must be very scarce in your village.”
“Oh, no, sir,” answered the innkeeper, “there are many eggs in our village, but kings are very scarce nowadays.”

3) Post-listening task.
1. Read the sentences and put “+” next to the true sentences and “-” next to the false ones. Correct the false sentences and write them down.
□ 1) It happened three years ago, when there were still kings in some countries of Europe.
□ 2) Once a king of a small country was travelling through England.
□ 3) He stopped in an inn in a big village to have breakfast.
□ 4) The innkeeper answered: “A hundred florins.”
□ 5) The king wasn’t surprised.
□ 6) The innkeeper answered “There are many eggs in our village, but kings are very scarce nowadays.”
2. Match the parts of the sentences.
1. A king was travelling a) very surprised
2. How much must I b) an inn in a little village
3. It is very c) pay my breakfast?
4. He stopped in d) through Holland
5. The king ate e) expensive
6. The king was f) two eggs with bread and butter


Task 4

1) Pre-listening task.
Pupils write down the list of ingredients
APPLE CAKE RECEIPE
Ingredients:
100 g flour

18
100g butter
100g sugar
1 lemon
2 eggs
2 large apples

2) Listening.
Instructions:
Peel and slice the apples.
Then put the apples into the saucepan with some water and 50 g of sugar.
Boil the apples for 10 minutes.
Put the flour, the butter and the rest of sugar into the bowl.
Mix everything.
Put the cooked apples into the shallow pan and cover them with the mixture of flour, butter and sugar.
Put the dish into the oven at 180 degrees for 30 minutes.

3) Post-listening task.
Pupils mark the ingredients which were not used in the recipe.

Task 5

1)Pre-listening task
You’ll listen to five short conversations between waiters and customers. Every order is written down on the special blank. You should define whose orders are there on the blanks.
The names of the customers are Ms. Brown, Mr. Tailor, Mrs. Kelly, Mr. Green, Mr. Smith. (The names are written on the blackboard).

2) Listening.
A. Waiter: What would you like to drink?
Ms. Brown: A cup of coffee, please, with ice.
Waiter: Would you like a piece of chocolate cake?
Ms. Brown: Yes, please.

B. Waiter: Would you like anything?
Mr. Tailor: I would like a cup of coffee and a cheese sandwich.
Waiter: Here you are. That’s one pound forty.

C. Waiter: Are you ready to order?
Mrs. Kelly: Yes, I’d like a chop, please, with chips and a vegetable salad.
Waiter: Anything to drink?
Mrs. Kelly: A glass of orange juice, please.

19
D. Mr. Green: I’d like some chicken, chips and tomatoes.
Waiter: Anything to drink?
Mr. Green: Just a glass of water, please.

E. Mr. Smith: Hello, can I have sandwich with ham, please.
Waiter: Certainly, sir. Anything else?
Mr. Smith: Yes, a cup of tea, please.







20
3)Post-listening task.
Match dialogues A-E to the blanks of order 1-5.

Task 6

1) Pre-listening task
What are your favourite dishes? What dishes can you cook yourself? You’ll listen to the recipe and try to guess what it is?

1) Listening.
Take some potatoes, carrots, an onion, a beet and a cabbage.
Pour some water into the pan.
Put some meat into the pan and boil it.
Wash the vegetables.
Peel the potatoes, the carrots, the onion and the beet.
Cut the potatoes into pieces and add them into the boiling water.
Chop the onion.
Grate the carrots and the beet.
Fry the grated beet and the carrots with the onion.
Chop the cabbage.
Boil all the vegetables together and add some tomatoes.
2) Post-listening task.
What dish is it? What other Ukrainian dishes do you know. What are their recipes?

Task 7

1) Pre-listening task
Do you often go to the shop? What do you usually buy at the shop? You’ll listen to the conversation between a man and a shop-assistant. You have to understand what the man bought and what he didn’t manage to buy. Tick the words in the shopping list + or -.
Orange juice
Potatoes
Coffee
Cheese
Bread
Milk
Apples
Pizza with cheese and ham
Sausage
Apple juice
21
2) Listening.
AT THE SHOP
-- Morning.
-- Good morning.
-- How can I help you?
-- I’d like some orange juice, please.
-- Sorry. There’s apple juice, but no orange juice.
-- Oh! What’s that? Isn’t that orange juice?
-- Oh, yes. So it is! My eyes! Here you are!
-- Thank you. And some potatoes, please.
-- A bag like this?
-- Yes, fine. Now some milk.
-- Sorry. I sold the last bottle just two minutes ago.
-- Oh, dear! What about some coffee?
-- Yes. Here you are.
-- Thanks. Orange juice, potatoes, milk, coffee… A kilo of apples, please.
-- I don’t sell apples.
-- Really? That’s strange. What about cheese? Do you have any cheese?
-- No, I don’t sell cheese either.
-- No cheese? That’s incredible! OK. Now I want some pizza, but I’m sure you don’t sell pizza, do you?
-- Yes, sir. Pizza with mushrooms, pizza with cheese and ham, pizza with sausage and pizza with tomatoes.
-- Wow! Can I have some… pizza with cheese and with ham, please?
-- Sorry, sir. Usually I have Pizza, but not on Thursdays. Today is Thursday.
-- I see. I don’t suppose you have any bread.
-- You are right.
-- Pardon?
-- You are right. There isn’t any bread.
-- Tell me something. Do you have a lot of business?
-- Oh, yes, sir. The shop is open all the time.
-- What do people buy?
-- All the things you can see.
-- Well, that’s all for me. How much?
-- One pound twenty, please.
-- Thank you. Goodbye.
-- See you again soon, sir.
-- I don’t think so.

3) Post-listening task.
Pupils tick the names of food products in the shopping-list which were bought.

22
Task 8

1) Pre-listening task.
Imagine, you’ll have a party at your place today in the evening. What food are you going to buy?

2) Listening.
AT THE SUPERMARKET
--Hang on, Jane. We need some crisps.
--Oh, yes. How many packets?
--Six.
--Six? That won’t be enough.
--Well. It says six on the list.
--Let’s get ten. Do we need any peanuts?
--OK. Eight packets of peanuts. What do we need now?
--Crisps, peanuts, 8 loaves of bread, 4 pounds of cheese, 10 bottles of lemonade, 4 tins of ham, 2 kilos of biscuits, 3 kilos of fruit, 5 bottles of Cola.
--That’s won’t be enough. Let’s double each item.
--But we won’t have enough money, Jane.
--Of course, we will. Oh, dear, the bill is £ 30.22. We haven’t got enough.
--I told you.
--Can we put some things back?
How many guests will come to Jane and Peter? How old are Jane and Peter? If you were Jane what else would you buy? What things would you put back at the supermarket?

3) Post-listening task.

Listen to the dialogue and write how much food Jane and Peter bought.
_____________________________________________packets of crisps
_____________________________________________packets of peanuts
_____________________________________________loaves of bread
_____________________________________________pound of cheese
_____________________________________________bottles of lemonade
_____________________________________________tins of ham
_____________________________________________kilos of biscuits
_____________________________________________kilos of fruit
______________________________________________bottles of Cola


23
Task 9

1) Pre-listening task.
Do you often eat soup? Do you like soup? What ingredients are usually used for soup? You have to listen to the story and write down the ingredients of the soup described in the text.

2) Listening.
STONE SOUP
One day a tramp came to an old woman’s house. “Excuse me”, said the tramp. “I’m very hungry. Can you give me anything to eat?” But the old woman was very mean. “Go away”, she said. ”I haven’t got any food”. “Oh”, said the tramp. “That’s a pity. I’ve got a magic stone. I can make soup with it. But I need some water”. “Well, I’ve got a lot of water”, said the old mean woman. She poured some water into a big saucepan. The tramp put it on the fire and put the stone into it. After a while he tasted the soup. “Mmm. That’s good. It just need a bit of salt and pepper”, he said. The old woman fetched some salt and pepper.
The tramp tasted the soup again. “That’s better”, he said. “It really needs a few
vegetables. It’s a pity you haven’t got any vegetables”. “Oh, I can find some”, the woman said. She ran to the garden and brought some potatoes, carrots, beets and a big onion. The
tramp peeled and sliced the vegetables and put them into the saucepan.
“Is it ready?” asked the woman. “Almost”, answered the tramp. “It really needs a bit of meat”. “I can get some meat”, shouted the woman. She went to the kitchen and came back with a piece of ham and some sausages. The tramp chopped everything and put into the saucepan. Then he stirred the soup and said, “That’s OK. I can’t see the magic stone anymore. So the soup is ready. Bread is very good with stone soup. It’s a pity you haven’t got any bread”. “I have got some bread”, said the old woman. She went to the kitchen again and fetched some bread and butter.
Then the woman tasted the soup. “Mmm, this stone soup is delicious”, she said.
When the tramp left, he said, “Here is the magic stone. You can keep it. But remember, for the best stone soup you need a bit of meat, a few vegetables and a little salt and pepper”.

3) Post-listening task.
Write down the ingredients of the soup.

24
Tasks for Reading Comprehension

Task 1

Find the hidden names of fruits in the sentences.

I hope a rainfall won’t spoil our work.
The man was pale with fear or anger.
I keep lumps of sugar in my pocket for me horse.
I would like to have a little monkey.
Mother gave me long lists of things to get for the party.

Task 2

Procedure: Pupils work in pairs. They get common lists of different kinds of food. Each pair has an individual task. The first pair of pupils write out all the names of dairy products, the second pair should find the names of meat products, the third selects the names of fruit. The others can write out the names of vegetables, snacks, drinks and spices.

Write out the words belonging to the appropriate category:
Pepper, water, bacon, cucumbers, apricots, sausages, salt, paprika, sandwiches, milk, coffee, tomatoes, parsley, peaches, peanuts, pizza, butter, ham, lemonade, dill, hamburger, kefir, cottage cheese, tomatoes, plums, ketchup, carrots, sour cream, salad, cutlets, garlic, yoghurt, juice, oranges, raspberries, chicken, lemons, turkey, potatoes, hot dogs, frankfurters, grapes.


Task 3

Find an odd word:
1) tea, sausage, meat, fish;
2) potatoes, apples, plums, peaches;
3) hamburger, sandwich, pizza, sugar;
4) lunch, dinner, cheese, breakfast;
5) juice, milk, bacon, coffee;
6) salad, soup, honey, cereal;
7) vinegar, salt, ketchup, lemonade.


25
Task 4

Find in the crossword 21 names of food products (every letter should be used):

T_________ S________ S________ S______
M_________ P________ O_______ T______
M_________ C________ P_______ A______
C_________ C________ P_______
B_________ S________ S_______
C_________ F________ E_______


T A N G E R I N E M
M I L K C O C O A E
C B U T T E R P S A
O S O U P P S O A T
F C O R N E N T L C
F F I S H A A A A H
E P E A R C C T D E
E S A L T H K O O E
E G G S P I C E I S
T E A A P P L E L E

Task 5

1) Pre-reading task.
What is fast food? Is it good or bad for our health? What kitchen utensils do you know? What do you keep at your kitchen?

2)Reading.
26
FAST FOOD
This is the fast food restaurant. It isn’t like an ordinary restaurant. There aren’t any waiters. You order your food at the counter and pay for it at the same time. You get your food in a bag or a box. There are no plates. There aren’t any knives, forks and spoons. You eat with your fingers. Drinks are all in paper or plastic cups. There are no saucers. You eat meal. Then you throw all the boxes and cups away. It’s easy; it’s cheap; it’s fast.

3) Post-reading task.


Write T (True) or F (False):
1. You eat with a knife and fork.
2. You get your hamburger in a bag or a plastic box.
3. You get your food at the counter.
4. A waiter brings you food.
5. You drink from a paper cup.
6. You get your food on a plate.
7. You eat with your fingers.
8. You pay for your meal at the end.
9. You throw away the bags and boxes.
10. You pay for your meal at the counter.
11. You drink from an ordinary cup.
12. Fast food is cheap.



Task 6

1) Pre-reading task.
For this dish you need 400g potatoes, 125 g flour, some salt, 40 g grated cheese, 40 g butter (ingredients are on the blackboard).

2) Reading.

Put the mashed potatoes, the flour, the butter into the bowl and mix them with a fork.

Mash the potatoes.

Make 12 potato cakes with the mixture.

Peel the potatoes and slice them.

27
Fry the potato cakes in a frying pan until they are brown on both sides.

Put the potatoes into a saucepan with some water and a bit of salt and boil them for 20 minutes.

Cover the cakes with the grated cheese. Put them in a dish and keep them warm in the oven.

3) Post-reading task.
Pupils put the jumbled stripes with the sentences in the correct order to get the complete recipe.

Task 7

1) Pre-reading task.
People in different parts of the world eat different foods and cook them in different ways.
What food do you think is popular in Great Britain (Italy, China, France, Germany etc)?
What are the national Ukrainian dishes?

2) Reading.
Many people consider France to be the world centre of fine foods. French cooks are especially known for their sauces. The most famous English dish is roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, a batter pudding baked in beef juices. Italy is known for its spaghetti, macaroni and other pastas and for its sauces made with tomatoes, garlic and olive oil. Sausages, potatoes, cabbage and beer are common in the German diet. The Spanish eat much fish. They use lots of onion and garlic. Rice is the main dish of many people in Japan, china, and India. Japanese meals include vegetables and raw or cooked fish. The Chinese enjoy spicy fried foods served with noodles. Indians enjoy curry. This dish is made of eggs, fish, meat or vegetables and cooked in a spicy sauce. Corn, rice and other grains are the basic foods of many people in Africa.

2) Post-reading task.

Match the foods with the countries where they are eaten.
1. Africa a. corn, rice, other grains
2. Britain b. fish, onions, garlic
3. China c. rice, curry
4. Italy d. rice, spicy fried foods with noodles
5. France e. rice, vegetables, raw or cooked fish
6. Germany f. roast beef, Yorkshire pudding
7. India g. sauces

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Task 8

1) Pre-reading task.
What do you know about meals in Britain?
2) Reading.

MEALS IN BRITAIN
A traditional English breakfast is a very big meal – sausage, bacon, eggs, tomatoes and mushrooms. But nowadays many people just have cereals with milk and sugar, or toast with marmalade, jam or honey. Marmalade is made of oranges and jam is made of other fruit. The traditional breakfast drink is tea, which people have with cold milk. Some people have coffee, often – instant coffee, which is made with just hot water. Many visitors to Britain find coffee disgusting!
For many people lunch is a quick meal. In cities there are a lot of sandwich bars, where office workers can choose the kind of bread they want – brown, white or a roll – and then all sorts of salads and meat or fish to go in the sandwich. Pubs often serve good, cheap food both cold and hot. Schoolchildren can have a hot meal at school but many just take a snack from home – a sandwich, a drink, some fruit, and, perhaps, some crisps.
Tea means two things. It is a drink and a meal! Some people have afternoon tea with sandwich cake.
The evening meal is the main meal of the day for many people. They usually have it quite early between 6 o’clock and 8 o’clock.
On Sundays many families have a traditional lunch. They have roast meat, beef, lamb, chickens, potatoes, vegetables and gravy. Gravy is a sauce made of the meat juice.
The British like food from other countries, too, especially Italian, French and Indian. People often get takeaway meals – you buy the food at the restaurant and then bring it home to eat. Eating in Britain is quite international!

3) Post-reading task.
Mark the statements T (true) or F (false).
1. Many British people have a big breakfast.
2. People often have cereal or toast for breakfast.
3. Marmalade is different from jam.
4. People drink tea with hot milk.
5. Many foreign visitors love instant coffee.
6. All British people have a hot lunch.
7. Many schoolchildren just take a snack from home.
8. Pubs are good places to go for lunch.
9. Tea means two things in Britain.
10. British people eat dinner late in the evening.
11. Sunday lunch is a special meal.
12. When you get takeaway meal, you eat it at home.

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Task 9

1) Pre-reading task.
What do you know about diets? Do you keep any diet? The title of the article is “The History of Dieting”. Paragraphs are in the wrong order. Decide on the correct order for the paragraphs, and write the letter next to the number. The first and the last paragraphs are correct.

2) Reading.

A. The word “diet” originally meant “things that people eat”, but these days, we use the word to mean an eating pattern or programme designed to change something.

B. But it has taken a long time to find out exactly what these are. Sea travel led to some increase in understanding. When it became possible to build ships that could go on long voyages, sailors started to spend many months at sea. They also started getting a strange disease, called “scurvy”. Eventually, it became clear that they needed fruit or vegetables to survive. Today, we know that Vitamin C is the reason.

C. But when did it all start? There’s a story that in 1087, William the Conqueror, King of England, had become so fat that he could no longer ride his horse. He stayed in bed and drank alcohol instead of eating food to try and lose weight.

D. Although the discovery helped their lives, there was much more that wasn’t known. Nobody knew, for example, why some people got fat and others didn’t, or what to do about it.

E. Now, it may or may not have worked for him, but we can’t really recommend it as an approach for most people. The most kinds of food we eat are important, because different foods contain different things our bodies need.

F. However, despite all these, we usually say “diet” about loosing weight. This is certainly the area where the money gets spent. And it has a long history.

G. We could be talking about any one of many different kinds. There are diets for avoiding certain chemicals, like salt, and there are diets to increase amounts of certain things, like potassium. There are even diets to help people put on weight.

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H. Then in the 1890s, a chemist called Wilbur Atwater began investigating how foods consisted of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. He found that he could measure the heat value of these by burning them and called a unit of this heating a “calorie”.

I. This measurement he created can be seen as the start of modern food science and dieting. Since then, knowledge has come quickly – some people say too quickly!

3) Post-reading.
Write the letter of the paragraph next to the number.

(Key: 1A, 2G, 3F, 4C, 5E, 6B, 7D, 8H, 9I)

Task 10

1) Pre-reading task.
What do you know about meals in Britain?

2) Reading.
1----. People often come in for a chat over their cup of tea.2----.
“Afternoon tea” takes place between three-thirty and four-thirty. 3----. “High tea”, however, is a substantial meal and is eaten between five-thirty and six-thirty by families which do not usually have a late dinner. In a well-to-do family it will consist of ham or tongue and tomatoes and salad, or a kipper, tinned salmon, with strong tea, bread and butter, followed by stewed fruit, or tinned pears, apricots or pineapple with cream and cake.
4----. The hostess first of all rinses the teapot with boiling water (this is called “warming the pot”) before adding four or five teaspoonfuls of tea. 5----. The pot is then filled with boiling water and covered with a tea-cosy to allow the tea to infuse for five minutes. 6----. Usually they have it with milk.

3) Post-reading.
Complete the text with the missing extracts A-F.
A English people seldom put lemon juice or rum in their tea.
B Tea making in England is an art.
C Tea in England is a suitable occasion for social intercourse.
D The amount of tea varies, of course, according to the number of people present.
E There are two kinds of tea, “afternoon tea” and “high tea”.
F It consists of tea, bread, butter and jam, followed by cakes and biscuits.

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Task 11

Fill in the blanks in the text using the following words: school, marmalade, countries, restaurant, between, vegetables, visitors, tea, bread, French, drink, sandwich.
Meals in Britain
A traditional English breakfast is a very big meal – sausage, bacon, eggs, tomatoes and mushrooms. But nowadays many people just have cereals with milk and sugar, or toast with … , jam or honey. Marmalade is made of oranges and jam is made of other fruit. The traditional breakfast … is tea, which people have with cold milk. Some people have coffee, often – instant coffee, which is made with just hot water. Many … to Britain find coffee disgusting!
For many people lunch is a quick meal. In cities there are a lot of sandwich bars, where office workers can choose the kind of … they want – brown, white or a roll – and then all sorts of salads and meat or fish to go in the … . Pubs often serve good, cheap food both cold and hot. Schoolchildren can have a hot meal at … but many just take a snack from home – a sandwich, a drink, some fruit, and, perhaps, some crisps.
Tea means two things. It is a drink and a meal! Some people have afternoon … with sandwich cake.
The evening meal is the main meal of the day for many people. They usually have it quite early … 6 o’clock and 8 o’clock.
On Sundays many families have a traditional lunch. They have roast meat, beef, lamb, chickens, potatoes, … and gravy. Gravy is a sauce made of the meat juice.
The British like food from other … , too, especially Italian, … and Indian. People often get takeaway meals – you buy the food at the … and then bring it home to eat. Eating in Britain is quite international!

Task 12

1) Pre-reading task.
What do you know about potatoes? What are the main methods of cooking potatoes? What is the difference between roasting, frying and baking?

2) Reading.

All About Potatoes
1. A lot of potatoes are eaten in many parts of the world, particularly in Northern Europe and North America. The potato had been cultivated in America before it become important food in Europe, Africa and Asia. It was introduced to England in the time of Queen Elizabeth I in the 16th century. Nowadays it is such an important part of the English man’s diet that it is difficult to imagine how he used to manage without it.
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2. Potatoes can be cooked in many different ways. The four main methods used in England are boiling, roasting, baking and frying. When potatoes are boiled, they are cut up and put in a saucepan with water and a little salt. When potatoes are baked, they are put in an oven for half an hour. They usually are not peeled. Baked potatoes with their skins on are called “potatoes in their jackets”. Roasting is like baking because it is usually done in an oven. The main difference between baking and roasting is the usage of fat. Fat is used while you are roasting, but it is not while you are baking.

3. Frying is like roasting because fat or oil is used. There are two main ways of frying potatoes. They can be cut into slices and fried in a special shallow pan called frying pan. For this way of frying English people use animal or vegetable fat which is sold in packets or tins. The other way is called deep frying. The slices of potatoes are put into a deep pan or metal box full of oil.

4. In Britain fried potatoes are called “chips”. We must be careful not to get confused about the meaning of the word “chips”. In America fried potatoes are mostly called “French fries” and the word “chips” is used in America and now also in Britain for potato crisps. Potato crisps are very thin slices of potato fried by a special factory method and sold in a plastic bag. It is this second and newer meaning of the word “chips”, which has been borrowed by some other languages.

5. One of the most popular dishes in Britain is fish and chips. Before the fish is fried it is dipped in a mixture of flour and water called batter. Both fish and chips shops where one can go and buy chips and fish for the whole family.

3)Post-reading task.
Task 1. Match headings A-F to paragraphs 1-5. There is one heading you won’t need to use.

A. Chips and crisps.
B. Four main methods of cooking potatoes.
C. A short history of potatoes.
D. The most popular dishes in Britain.
E. Potato diet.
F. Two main ways of frying potatoes.

Task 2. Complete the sentences.
1. Potatoes were introduced to England in the time of …
2. Baked potatoes with their skins on are called …
3. In Britain fried potatoes are called …
4. In America fried potatoes are mostly called …
5. Very thin slices of potato fried by a special factory method are called …
6. One of the most popular dishes in Britain is …

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Task 13

Correct the mistakes in the text:
Americans do not like to prepare meels at home. They prefer to eat at cafes and 1________
restaurants. Usually they have three meals a day: brekfast, lunch and dinner. 2________
American breakfast as a rule consists of batter, jam, bread and a roll. Usually 3________
people also eat cereal with milk, some chees, soft-boiled eggs and drink 4________
orange juise, tea or coffee. Most Americans do not come back home to lunch, 5________
they have it at Fast Food Restaurans. The most common menu consists of 6________
apple-pie, hamburger, cheeseburger, sandwishes. There are a lot of “fast food” 7________
shops to buy something to et quickly. They are situated on many street corners. 8________
These sell humburgers, hot dogs and drinks like Coca-Cola. For dinner they 9________
have meat, fried or baked potatoes with ketchup, corn, peas and makaroni. 10________
In general many drinks are drunk with ise, even tea. 11________

Task 14

1) Pre-reading task.
What “eating” places do you like the most and why? What is important for you?

2) Reading.

Andrew, 15. I only ever eat out on special occasions, birthday, for example. I don’t really like going to restaurants. It takes too long. I get bored. I usually go to the restaurant with my family, mainly to traditional restaurants or pub restaurants. I like pubs with gardens best – where you can sit outside. My favourite food is hamburger with chips and ice-cream, plain food, nothing fancy. I hate spicy food.

Matthew, 18. I often eat out with my friends an evening out at the pub. We usually end up in a pizzeria, burger bar or Chinese restaurant because you don’t have to dress smartly to get in and they’re the type of place where you can eat most cheaply. I like going to the nearest Chinese restaurant “The Dragon” best because the food’s good there and the waiters are really friendly. It’s also cheap and convenient – just next to the put! I have to say that my favourite food is Chinese. The food I hate most is salad.

Carry, 16. I often eat out with my friends on Saturdays. We spend the morning shopping, then stop for a burger. I like my local burger place best because they serve you more quickly than other burger places, and it’s so big, you can always find a seat. It’s also cheaper than other burger cafes. The food’s not brilliant, a bit tasteless, but what I like most is being with my friends and catching up on all the gossip1 My favourite food if you can call it food, is milk shake, especially strawberry flavour! I love all sweet things – chocolate, desserts, apple pie. I dislike fish most.
34
Clive, 17. Every Saturday I meet my mates in the Video Rock Café. We don’t have much to eat, a burger, maybe a sandwich, but then we don’t go there for food – it’s the atmosphere really lovely – and you don’t have to dress smartly. I like music too. There are always a lot of people I know there. I suppose my favourite food is Indian, the hotter the better, and my mum’s roast dinner. There isn’t any food I don’t like.

3) Post-reading task.
Which people said these things were important for them? Put any marks in the table (×) or (+).

Andrew
Matthew
Carry
Clive

Price


Music
Kind of food
Size
Dress
Quality of food
Service
Atmosphere

Task 15

1) Pre-reading task.
What do you know about meals in Britain?

2) Reading.
Lunch is taken in the middle of the day, between breakfast and dinner. The English lunch usually consists of two courses: a meat or fish with vegetables and a dessert. For his lunch an Englishman may have chops, beefsteaks, cutlets, fried fish with vegetables, some salad and so on. A cup of coffee, fruit or fruit puddings are usually taken for the dessert.
Some people call this meal dinner, they don’t have any larger meal after lunch. Thus, the English word “lunch” can hardly be translated or explained as “the second breakfast”. There is a special word in everyday use to denote the second breakfast. This word is “elevenses”.
Everything in London stops at midday for lunch. Most offices, institutions and small shops are closed for lunch for an hour from 1 to 2 p.m. The streets, squares, crossings are
35
full of people who are on their way of cafes. At factories, plants and docks workers get their lunch in canteens.
There are also many flowers in the garden.

3) Post-reading task.

1. Answer the questions:
1. When is lunch taken?
2. What does the English lunch usually consists of?
3. What is the special word in everyday life to denote “the second breakfast”?
4. When are most offices, institutions and small shops closed for lunch?
5. Where do workers have lunch?

2. Complete the sentences:
1. For his lunch an … may have chops, beefsteaks, cutlets, fried fish with vegetables, some salad and so on.
2. A cup of coffee, fruit or fruit … are usually taken for the sweet course.
3. Everything in London stops at … for lunch.
4. The English word “lunch” can hardly be translated or explained as “the second …”.
5. The streets, squares, crossings are full of … who are on their way of cafes.

3. Make up a menu for lunch.

Task 16

Choose the best phrase from A – G to fill in gaps 1 – 7, to complete the text.

A. were so successful E. grain of truth
B. put out by F. along the coasts
C. plenty of time G. rich in carotene
D. improved the eyesight

A regular diet of carrots so 1________ of Britain’s night – fighter pilots that they were able to shoot down member after German bomber. That was the story 2________ the British Air Ministry – and the one which was widely believed by German intelligence.
There is a 3________ in the story. Carrots can help to make you see better in the dark, because they are 4________, which forms vitamin A in the body.
The wartime story, however, served to cover the truth about why British fighter pilots 5________. The real reason was the chain of radars 6________ of England. They could detect a German bomber up to 100 miles away, giving the Royal Air Force 7________ to get its night – fighters into the air.
36
Task 17

Decide on the correct order for the paragraphs and write the letter A – F next to the number 1 – 6.

A. Coffee and tea were known in Europe two hundred years ago. People were afraid to drink them because they thought coffee or tea could kill a person.
B. They both lived many years. At last one of the brothers died when he was eighty years old.
C. They were twins and were much alike. They had committed a crime and had been sentenced to death.
D. Once the king of Sweden decided to find out whether it was true or not. At that time there were two brothers in prison.
E. The king said, “I shall let them live but they must drink coffee or tea to the end of their lives. One brother must drink coffee and the other must drink tea every day.”
F. The other died a few years later. In this it was proverb that neither tea nor coffee is harmful to man.


37
Висновок
Викладене дозволяє зробити висновок про необхідність тривалої і трудомісткої роботи з метою засвоєння іншомовної лексики, яка передбачає як безперервне накопичення і розширення словникового запасу, так і оперування ним у різних видах мовленнєвої діяльності (аудіюванні, усному мовленні, читанні та письмі).
Головна мета роботи з учнями – створення оптимальних умов для вияву обдарованості й талантів дітей, формування гуманної особистості та створення умов для вільного формування власної світоглядної позиції. Вчитель на уроці повинен створити умови для оволодіння англійською мовою, використання всіх її багатств і засобів у мовній практиці.
Проблема активізації лексичних одиниць дуже актуальна, тому існує безліч різноманітних лексичних вправ, пов’язаних з конкретною тематикою, які надихають учнів до поглиблення набутих знань, розвитку мовної та мовленнєвої компетенції.
Важливо пам’ятати, що формування та активізація лексичних навичок відбувається на основі граматичних та фонетичних навичок, у тісному зв’язку з ними. Просто лексична сторона виділяється на передній план, щоб стати об’єктом цілеспрямованого засвоєння.
Вивчення англійської мови стало актуальним для кожної сучасної молодої людини, яка замислюється про своє майбутнє. Успіху в навчанні іноземної мови значною мірою сприяє зацікавленість учнів цим предметом.
Тож у центрі уваги вчителя є особиста діяльність учня. Вчитель залучає учнів до творчої підготовки і проведення уроку через пошукові, особистісно орієнтовані завдання.

38
Appendix 1
Quotations

The trouble with eating Italian food is that five or six days later you’re hungry again.

George Miller

Food is so essential a part of our lives, often the mere sharing of recipes with strangers turns them into good friends. That’s why I love this community.

Jasmine Heiler

In general, mankind, since the improvement in cookery, eats twice as much as nature requires.
Benjamin Franklin

The whole of nature, as has been said, is a conjugation of the verb to eat, in the active and in the passive.

William Ralph Inge

Hunger: one of the few cravings that cannot be appeared with another solution.

Irwing Van Grove

As for butter versus margarine, I trust cows more than chemists.

Joan Gussow


Tell me what you eat, I’ll tell you who you are.

Anthelme Brillat-Savarin

Vegetables are the food of the earth; fruit seems more the food of the heavens.

Sepal Felicivant

Soup and fish explain half the emotions of human life.

Sydney Smith

39
Cheese – milk’s leap toward immortality.

Clifton Fadiman

All sorrows are less with bread.

Miguel de Cervantes

Happiness is a bowl of cherries and a book of poetry under a shade tree.

Astrid Alauda

No man in the world has more courage than the man who can stop after eating one peanut.

Channing Pollock

It would be nice if the Food and Drug Administration stopped issuing warnings about toxic substances and just gave me the names of one or two things still safe to eat.
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